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How is plywood made: Process of Plywood

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Plywood, a versatile, durable and cost-effective material, has become a staple in the construction and furniture industries, among others. Yet many people often wonder, how is plywood made? Or what is plywood made of? This article offers a detailed look at the fascinating world of plywood manufacturing, shedding light on the journey from tree to the flat, rectangular sheets of plywood you see in a store or a plywood factory.

Plywood Grades and Uses

Plywood, a versatile and widely-used wood product, is available in a diverse array of grades. The quality of the veneers primarily determines the grading of plywood – thin slices of wood – that are used in its construction, as well as the type and strength of the adhesive employed in the bonding process. Each grade of plywood is meticulously designed, with its unique features in mind, for a variety of applications. These range from practical uses such as sheathing roofs, providing a base for subfloors, and making up the structural components of walls, to more aesthetic purposes like crafting stylish, elegant furniture and creating intricate architectural designs that truly stand out. One of the key reasons why plywood is so impressively versatile and reliable is its unique layered structure. This structure imparts to plywood exceptional strength and stability, making it a preferred choice for both construction and decorative purposes.

The Intricate Manufacturing Process

The plywood manufacturing process involves a series of meticulously executed steps. These steps transform raw logs into the flat, rectangular sheets of plywood we’re familiar with. Let’s delve into each step to understand how to make plywood.

Log Selection

The first step in the plywood manufacturing process is selecting the right logs. The species of tree, its age, and its health all have a significant impact on the final quality of the plywood. Hardwood species like oak, maple and birch are often used for their strength and durability, while softwood species like pine, fir and spruce are typically used for their lightweight and cost-effectiveness.

Peeling or Rotary Cutting

Once the logs are chosen, they undergo a process known as peeling or rotary cutting. The logs are mounted on a lathe and spun against a blade that peels off thin sheets of wood, known as veneers. This process is akin to unrolling a roll of paper towels.

Veneer Drying

After peeling, the veneers are dried in industrial dryers to remove excess moisture. This step is crucial as it improves the stability of the veneers, preventing them from warping or shrinking when they’re transformed into plywood.

Grading and Sorting

Post-drying, veneers are graded and sorted based on their quality and appearance. Grading considers factors like the number of knots, color consistency, and grain pattern. The highest-quality veneers are used for the outer layers of the plywood, while those with minor defects are used for the inner layers.

Glue Application

Next, the sorted veneers are coated with a special adhesive. This glue is typically a type of resin that is heat-activated. The glue helps in bonding the veneers together under high pressure and temperature.

Laying and Pressing

The glued veneers are then stacked in a specific orientation and pressed together. The grains of adjacent veneers are laid perpendicular to each other, which helps increase the strength and stability of the final product.

Hot Pressing

The stacks of veneers are then subjected to hot pressing. This process involves applying heat and pressure to the stacks, which activates the adhesive and bonds the veneers together into a single, solid sheet of plywood.

Cooling and Trimming

After hot pressing, the plywood is allowed to cool, stabilizing the adhesive bonds. It is then trimmed to the desired size, creating the familiar rectangular sheets of plywood.

Sanding and Finishing

The plywood sheets are then sanded to a smooth finish. This step not only improves the appearance of the plywood but also prepares it for any finishing treatments like staining or sealing.

Quality Control

Every sheet of plywood goes through a rigorous quality control process. This ensures that it meets the industry’s stringent standards and the consumers’ expectations.

Packaging and Distribution

Finally, the finished plywood is packaged and distributed to customers. This marks the end of the plywood manufacturing process and the beginning of its journey into homes and buildings.

Uses of Plywood

Plywood’s strength, stability, and versatility make it suitable for a wide range of applications. In construction, it’s used for building houses, apartments, and commercial spaces. In the furniture industry, it’s used for crafting durable and stylish furnishings. It’s also used in flooring, paneling, and even in the creation of musical instruments.


The process of making plywood is a complex blend of art and science that involves several carefully executed steps. This journey from log to plywood sheet is a testament to the ingenuity and precision of the plywood manufacturing industry.

As a professional plywood wholesaler, AlviBel takes pride in providing high-quality plywood, crafted with care and expertise. Our commitment to quality is evident in every sheet of plywood we produce, reflecting our deep understanding of the plywood manufacturing process. We invite you to experience the difference that quality manufacturing makes.

Also check out our top products:
wooden lamellas
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Vasiliy Sotnikov

Welcome to the Alvi-Bel blog, dedicated to the fascinating world of plywood! My name is Vasiliy Sotnikov, and I am an expert in wood processing with rich experience in various industrial sectors. My professional journey includes various responsible positions, starting from a technical specialist to managerial roles.

For many years, I have actively participated in projects related to plywood production and sales. My expertise covers laser cutting of plywood, optimization of production processes, and finding the best solutions for clients.

On this blog, I am delighted to share my knowledge and experience in choosing and using plywood. Here, you will learn about the latest trends in wood processing, modern plywood production technologies, and receive practical advice on how to utilize it in different projects.

Join our community to stay updated with the latest news and share your experiences in the inspiring world of plywood!

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